克漏字:

  It has long been part of folk wisdom that birth order strongly
  affects personality. However, most of the research claiming that
  firstborns are radically different from other children has been __1__. It
  now seems that any effects of birth order on personality will likely be
5 washed out by all the other influences in a person’s life. __2__, the
  belief in the permanent impact of birth order, according to Toni
  Falbo, a social psychologist at the University of Texas at Austin,
  “comes from the psychological theory that your personality is fixed by
  the time you are six. That __3__ simply is incorrect.”
10 The better, later and larger studies are less likely to find birth
  order a useful predictor of anything. When two Swiss social
  scientists, Cecile Ernst and Jules Angst, __4__ 1,500 studies a few
  years ago, they concluded that “birth-order differences in personality
  are nonexistent in our sample” and that “in particular, there is no
15 evidence for a ‘firstborn personality.’”


填選正確答案:
(  ) 1. (A) adopted  (B) confirmed  (C) discredited  (D) overcome

(  ) 2. (A) On the other hand  (B) As a result (C) That is to say  (D) In fact
(  ) 3. (A) inspection  (B) promotion  (C) explosion  (D) assumption
(  ) 4. (A) adopted  (B) reviewed  (C) applied  (D) recommended

 



答案:C/DDB

解析馬上看↓


解析:

第1題:根據文章的第2行至第3行,得知大部分聲稱長子(女)與其他孩子截然不同的研究,一直深受懷疑。所以答案是(C)。

補充:

adopt  v.  採取、收養    (always)

We need to adopt a more aggressive approach. 
我們需要採取更積極的做法。

Mr. and Mrs. Seager adopted a daughter.   
Seager夫婦領養了一個女兒。

confirm  v.  證實、堅定、批准    (always)

The news has been confirmed.      
這消息已經得到了證實。

It has confirmed Camille in her decision not to be a nun.
這使Camille更加堅定了不做修女的決心。

The president confirmed the contract.   
總裁批准了這份合約。

discredit  v.  丟臉、懷疑   n.  恥辱、信用的喪失   (always)

Such measures would discredit the government worldwide.
這些措施會讓政府在全世界名譽掃地。

We have lots of reasons to discredit the witness.
我們有很多理由來懷疑證人。

Anastasia brought discredit on the whole family.
Anastasia給全家人丟了臉。

This will bring the enterprise into discredit.    
這會使那家企業失去信用。

overcome  v.  戰勝、克服、壓倒    (always)

The truth will overcome everything.   
真相會戰勝一切。

How can we overcome our aversion of failure?
我們如何才能克服對失敗的恐懼?

Catherine was overcome with grief.      
Catherine悲不自勝。

 

第2題:根據文章的第5行至第9行,得知事實上,個性在六歲前就已經固定了,所以答案是(D)。

補充:

on the other hand  另一方面   (always)
Some people like tennis; on the other hand, others like baseball.
有些人喜歡網球,而另一方面,有些人喜歡棒球。

as a result  因此    (always)
Wesley was sick; as a result, I went in his place.
Wesley生病了,因此我替代他去。
同義:consequently, accordingly, hence, thus, therefore.

that is to say  也就是說    (always)
Math phobia, that is to say, a fear of math, is a widespread problem.
數學恐懼症,也就是對於數學的恐懼,是一個普遍的問題。
同義:namely.

in fact  事實上   (always)
In fact, many great people rose from impoverishment.
事實上,很多偉人出身貧寒。
同義:as a matter of fact, in point of fact.

 

第3題:根據文章的第5行至第9行,得知事實上,個性在六歲前就已經固定了,而這樣的假設是正確的。所以答案是(D)。

補充:

inspection  n.  檢查、檢閱 (often)

Vincent gave the hair dryer a thorough inspection before buying it.
Vincent把吹風機徹底檢查了一遍才買了下來。

The president made an inspection of the troops.   
總統檢閱部隊。

同義:examination, check

promotion  n. 晉級、促銷、促進  (always)

Stella got a promotion last month.    
Stella上個月升職了。

There is always promotion during holidays.   
特定假日總是有促銷。

Gill works hard for the promotion of world peace.  
Gill為促進世界和平而努力。

explosion  n.  爆炸、劇增、爆發   (sometimes)

Ten people have been killed in a bomb explosion.
在炸彈爆炸事件中,已有10人死亡。

The explosion of oil prices will cause an economical crisis.
石油價格的急劇上漲會引起經濟危機。

It was an explosion of anger against the government's inability.
這是人們不滿政府無能而爆發的怒火。

assumption  n.  假設、擔任、自大、假裝      (always)

The results of the experiment proved his assumption wrong.  
實驗的結果證明他的假設是錯的。

The new mayor's assumption of office takes place next month.  
新任市長將於下個月就職。

Todd's attitude of assumption made him unpopular.  
Todd自大的態度使他不受歡迎。

Charlotte talked with an assumption of ease.
Charlotte裝出從容的樣子說話。

 

第4題:根據文章的第11行至第14行,得知當兩位瑞士的社會學家在若干年前檢閱1500份研究時,從樣本中發現,出生順序的差異對於個性的影響根本不存在。所以答案是(B)。

補充:

adopt  v.  採取、收養    (always)

We need to adopt a more aggressive approach. 
我們需要採取更積極的做法。

Mr. and Mrs. Seager adopted a daughter.   
Seager夫婦領養了一個女兒。

review
     (always)
1. v. 複審、評論、回顧、檢閱、複習
Do you know that superior courts may review decisions of lower courts?  
你知道高等法院可以複審下級法院的判決嗎?

Steve sometimes reviews for some principal papers.
Steve有時為一些大報寫些評論文章。

Betty always reviews the day's happenings before falling asleep.
Betty總是在入睡前,回顧了一天所發生的事情。

The president reviewed the troops.   
總統檢閱部隊。

You have to review all your notes before a test.   
考試前,你要複習所有的筆記。

2. n. 複審、評論、閱兵、複習
These elevators must be subject to periodic review.  
這些電梯必須接受定期檢查。

Lucas has never had a good review in the movie press.
Lucas從未在電影媒體獲得過好評。

A review of the troops will be held on National Day. 
國慶日要舉行閱兵式。

This is a review class for your midterm test.  
這是為期中考複習的課程。


apply  v.  塗敷、應用、使適用、致力於、申請   (always)
Cassie applied the lotion to her arms.    
Cassie把乳液塗到手臂上。

We need to apply the technology to practical business problems.
我們需要將這項技術應用於實際的商務問題。

The rule doesn’t apply in all cases.      
這規則並不適用於所有情況。

Dolores applied herself to learning Spanish.  
Dolores致力於學習西班牙語。

Matthew is applying for a scholarship.    
Matthew在申請獎學金。

recommend  v.  推薦、建議、使成為可取、託付   (always)
Will you recommend me a good dictionary?  
你能推薦一本好字典給我嗎?

I will recommend you to consult your doctor.        
我建議你去諮詢醫生。

This Italian restaurant has much to recommend it.
這家義大利餐廳有很多可取之處。

Before a business trip, I recommended my dogs to Eva's care.  
我在出差前把狗托付給Eva照顧。

※更多關於字彙的補充,請參考「國考英文字彙一把抓 」。
本文章出自國考專門店 英銘國考英文周刊-No.33-克漏字篇


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